Category Archives: Open Data

Fulcrum Community

Last year Fulcrum rolled out a new service named Community. They describe it as a, “no cost, short term crowdsourced data collection solution for qualified humanitarian projects.” 

It works like Fulcrum, but you need to apply for a license. The application form is short and is right on the Community home page. In the application you need to describe your purpose and how long you will be collecting data. You also need to provide a project description. If approved you can invite any number of data collectors via email to share  your App (data collection form).  It is generally aimed at humanitarian agencies, non-profits, or government agencies. They restrict commercial use of this service.

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We used this last fall during King Tide data collection in Miami and it was a big success. In fact there are four main categories highlighted on the Fulcrum Community page: Hurricane, Tornado, Flood and Fire. If you click on Flood, the King Tide project is the first in the list. Clicking on it brings up a map with the data collected.

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One caveat is that the data collected falls into the public domain and can be downloaded freely by anyone. This is possible because the data are anonymized, meaning any private information is scrubbed. The data remain available for viewing and download after the event ends.

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It won’t be appropriate unless there is some sort of disaster relief or environmental issue that demands it, but it is another tool to keep in your Community Health Maps toolkit!

Where To Look for Data

One of the initial stumbling blocks for Community Health Mappers post-workshop, is where to look for data. There is a lot of data available online. Most municipalities, counties and states will have some sort of GIS data portal. These are sites where publicly available mapping data can be downloaded and are best found with an internet search. Those are simply too numerous to list. However, the list below is a good starting point for commonly used national GIS datasets.

OpenStreetMap: https://www.openstreetmap.org/
          Metro Extracts: https://mapzen.com/data/metro-extracts/
          National Extracts: http://download.gisgraphy.com/
          GeoFabrik Continental Extracts: http://download.geofabrik.de/index.html
QuickOSM QGIS Plugin

National Maphttp://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/
Includes  the following:

  • Boundaries
  • Elevation
  • Topo Maps
  • Hydrography
  • Imagery
  • Named Places
  • Land Cover

U.S. Census TIGER Boundaries and Roads:
https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger.html
Census TIGER Boundaries

  • State boundaries
  • County boundaries
  • Census Tracts
  • Census Block Groups
  • Census Blocks

U.S. Census Socioeconomic Data: American Fact Finder: http://factfinder2.census.gov/
Includes data from both the Census 2010 and Census 2000 as well as, American Community Survey (ACS) data.
Use the Advanced Search to build selections for a specific topic in a specific geographic location.

Geospatial Data Gateway (USDS Natural Resources Conservation Service)
https://datagateway.nrcs.usda.gov/GDGHome_StatusMaps.aspx

  • Census geography
  • Climate / Precipitation
  • Elevation
  • Hydrology (rivers and streams)
  • Land Use/Land Cover
  • Aerial Photography/Imagery
  • Soils

Data.gov: Portal for the U.S. Government’s open data, some tabular, some geospatial

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
          National Center for Health Statistics http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/index.htm
          CDC Geo-Spatial Resources page: https://www.cdc.gov/gis/resources.htm

National Library of Medicine
          TOXMAP: Data from the EPA’s Toxic Release Inventory and Superfund programs
http://toxmap.nlm.nih.gov/toxmap/
          NLM’s list of Data, Tools and Statistics:
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/hsrinfo/datasites.html

Big Cities Health Inventory Data: https://bchi.bigcitieshealth.org/

 

White House Announces the Opportunity Project

This week the White House announced the Opportunity Project. It is an open data initiative geared towards empowering communities with data and tools to improve economic mobility. Open data is the data equivalent of open source software. It is licensed so that it is freely available to use by anyone.

The main page for the project can be found here: http://opportunity.census.gov/.

Opportunity Project Website

Opportunity Project Website

It includes links to sources of open data and online tools built on open data, ,many of them map based. This looks to be a great resource for Community Health Mappers!